Modern Nordic Pole walking originated in Finland. To stay in great physical condition all year long, Olympic cross country skiers used their ski poles during the warming months as their snow-free exercise. In 1985, it was thought that if rubber tips were put onto the ski poles then those Nordic Pole walkers could experience the same upper body conditioning while walking as a cross country skier did skiing. It is well documented that cross country skiing is the most effective physical exercise for cardiovascular improvement and total body muscle strengthening. Now Nordic Pole walkers are able to gain the same health benefits while walking.
“…a safe and effective form of exercise for everyone of all ages and fitness levels”
The term “Nordic Walking” came into being in 1997 when a Finnish ski equipment manufacturer, in cooperation with athletes and sports medicine experts, developed a fitness walking pole with an innovative strap system. The wrist strap is the key component of Nordic Pole walking techniques and allows the walker to access the full range of associated physical and muscular conditioning but it is also a safe and effective form of exercise for everyone of all ages and fitness levels. It is proving to be fun, social, safe and very efficient way to exercise. There are roughly 400 clinical and scientific reports about the health benefits of Nordic Pole walking available in scientific publications.
Reference: Klaus Schwanbeck, The Ultimate Nordic Pole Walking Book, Meyer and Meyer Sport, UK, 2009